Despite Industry Sector, Caterpillar Goes Green
While typically associated with oil-heavy manpower, Caterpillar Inc. was awarded an environmental award for its “Eco Operator Training Program.” The world’s construction and mining equipment manufacturer was honored with The International Pipeline and Offshore Contractors Associations (IPLOCA) Environmental Award, provided by Shell.
For many companies who use Caterpillar machinery, efficiency in the “green” sector is often the least of their worries. For many, the most optimal efficiency programs come through Lean, Six Sigma or Kaizen techniques. The new program run by Caterpillar Inc. is a one day event that teaches operators how to run their equipment in the most fuel efficient and low emission way. For many customers, these new programs have reduced production savings by 20 percent.
"Smart companies do more with less – more productivity with less fuel. This course is fundamental in our strategy to help customers make efficient use of the world's natural resources and reduce unnecessary impacts on people and the environment," said Dan Macholan, General Manager, Caterpillar Global Pipeline.
The criteria for the award includes focus on the behaviors of operators, any reduction in fuel consumption and carbon emissions, a program that illustrates diesel fuel conversion to carbon emission and tools for the application of those involved.
The environmental award isn’t the only measure that this 85 year old company has taken to get involved in the green trend. Their research and development center in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province earned LEED Gold certification within the new construction category. "We are proud to have achieved LEED Gold certification for our new Wuxi R&D Center facility. This designation highlights Caterpillar’s leadership in energy management, waste, material and water usage, promoting sustainable development and innovation," said Brian X. Sun, Director of Caterpillar’s Product Development & Global Technology Division with responsibility for China R&D Center.
Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage
Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050.
How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.
Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:
- The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
- Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
- Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities
Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.
There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.
Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.
Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.
Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.
It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.