E-Cat Device: Commercial Cold Fusion Finally Reality?
For those of you who aren’t aware, there is a war going on in the energy world. Numerous inventors and researchers over the last century—from Nikola Tesla onward—have offered up groundbreaking ideas for cheap, abundant, clean energy devices, but are continually shut down by energy industry profiteers. Threats, disappearances and mysterious deaths are all a part of this conspiracy, and I have met inventors first hand who have been subjected to coercive tactics by both government and corporate entities to keep their mouths shut. Devices such as vehicles that run on water, magnetic motors that generate far more energy than is input into them, to the elusive “cold fusion” reaction are degraded to “junk” science or scams by Big Science and the mainstream media. But what if they aren’t scams? What if we are at the forefront of an energy revolution that could sever our dependence on fossil fuels completely, breaking the chains of dependence that have kept us bound to gas stations and utilities providers?
One such inventor is defying odds and working to commercially develop a groundbreaking fusion device that has already been proven to work by third party organizations such as The University of Bologna in Italy, the Swedish Skeptics Society, and the Chairman of the Swedish Physics Union.
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Andrea Rossi with support of scientific consultant and physicist Sergio Focardi has created a device called the “Energy Catalyzer” or “E-Cat.” The device generates a cold fusion reaction with nickel powder and hydrogen as fuel sources to generate heat energy. An initial public demonstration in January 2011 revealed that with only 1 kW of energy input into the device, it yielded 12 kW of heat energy output.
In March 2011, two Swedish physicists, Hanno Essén, associate professor of theoretical physics and a lecturer at the Swedish Royal Institute of Technology and former chairman of the Swedish Skeptics Society and Sven Kullander, Professor Emeritus at Uppsala University and also chairman of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences’ Energy Committee, participated in a public demonstration at the University of Bologna. The device ran for six hours with an average energy output of 25 kW. Their remarks were, "Any chemical process should be ruled out for producing 25 kWh from whatever is in a 50 cubic centimeter container. The only alternative explanation is that there is some kind of a nuclear process that gives rise to the measured energy production."
Inventor Rossi believes that when applied at a commercial level, this technology could produce energy at a cost of roughly 1 cent per kWh, far cheaper than even coal and natural gas sources. Rossi is currently pursuing commercial development of a 1 MW Energy Catalyzer plant commissioned by newly formed Greek company Defkalion Green Technologies. The plant will use several (between 100-300) 4 kW E-Cat reactors connected together to generate heat used at the discretion of Defkalion. Defkalion and Rossi have agreed that no payment on the plant will be made until it is up and running since the technology is so new and the reaction not fully understood by conventional physics.
Sources reveal that MIT has requested plans for Rossi’s reactor to try and duplicate the experiment. However, Rossi’s reply was that they could buy it once he puts it to market. This is probably because MIT is the same University that made it a point over 20 years ago to disprove cold fusion following Pons and Fleischmann’s revolutionary discovery of the reaction, stalling its development for nearly a quarter century.
Now, cold fusion is making a comeback from myth to reality as successful experiments are being carried out worldwide. Apparently Rossi hasn’t even pursued a patent as of yet. While this may seem foolish, it is actually a smart move on his part. Inventions that utilize scientific principles that aren’t fully understood tend to be blacklisted or buried in many cases. If Rossi can effectively prove that his Energy Catalyzer can be applied at the commercial scale, it will mark a revolution in energy generation and the beginning of the commercial age of cold fusion… a safe, clean, and cheap alternative to fossil fuels and dangerous nuclear fission reactors.
Itronics successfully tests manganese recovery process
Itronics - a Nevada-based emerging cleantech materials growth company that manufacturers fertilisers and produces silver - has successfully tested two proprietary processes that recover manganese, with one process recovering manganese, potassium and zinc from paste produced by processing non-rechargeable alkaline batteries. The second recovers manganese via the company’s Rock Kleen Technology.
Manganese, one of the four most important industrial metals and widely used by the steel industry, has been designated by the US Federal Government as a "critical mineral." It is a major component of non-rechargeable alkaline batteries, one of the largest battery categories sold globally.
The use of manganese in EV batteries is increasing as EV battery technology is shifting to use of more nickel and manganese in battery formulations. But according to the US Department of Interior, there is no mine production of manganese in the United States. As such, Itronics is using its Rock Kleen Technology to test metal recoverability from mine tailings obtained from a former silver mine in western Nevada that has a high manganese content.
In a statement, Itronics says that its Rock Kleen process recovers silver, manganese, zinc, copper, lead and nickel. The company says that it has calculated – based on laboratory test results – that if a Rock Kleen tailings process is put into commercial production, the former mine site would become the only primary manganese producer in the United States.
Itronics adds that it has also tested non-rechargeable alkaline battery paste recovered by a large domestic battery recycling company to determine if it could use one of its hydrometallurgical processes to solubilize the manganese, potassium, and zinc contained in the paste. This testing was successful, and Itronics was able to produce material useable in two of its fertilisers, it says.
"We believe that the chemistry of the two recovery processes would lend itself to electrochemical recovery of the manganese, zinc, and other metals. At this time electrochemical recovery has been tested for zinc and copper,” says Dr John Whitney, Itronics president.
“Itronics has been reviewing procedures for electrochemical recovery of manganese and plans to move this technology forward when it is appropriate to do so and has acquired electro-winning equipment needed to do that.
"Because of the two described proprietary technologies, Itronics is positioned to become a domestic manganese producer on a large scale to satisfy domestic demand. The actual manganese products have not yet been defined, except for use in the Company's GOLD'n GRO Multi-Nutrient Fertilisers. However, the Company believes that it will be able to produce chemical manganese products as well as electrochemical products," he adds.
Itronics’ research and development plant is located in Reno, about 40 miles west of the Tesla giga-factory. Its planned cleantech materials campus, which will be located approximately 40 miles south of the Tesla factory, would be the location where the manganese products would be produced.
Panasonic is operating one of the world's largest EV battery factories at the Tesla location. However, Tesla and other companies have announced that EV battery technology is shifting to use of nickel-manganese batteries. Itronics is positioned and located to become a Nevada-0based supplier of manganese products for battery manufacturing as its manganese recovery technologies are advanced, the company states.
A long-term objective for Itronics is to become a leading producer of high purity metals, including the U.S. critical metals manganese and tin, using the Company's breakthrough hydrometallurgy, pyrometallurgy, and electrochemical technologies. ‘Additionally, Itronics is strategically positioned with its portfolio of "Zero Waste Energy Saving Technologies" to help solve the recently declared emergency need for domestic production of Critical Minerals from materials located at mine sites,’ the statement continues.
The Company's growth forecast centers upon its 10-year business plan designed to integrate its Zero Waste Energy Saving Technologies and to grow annual sales from $2 million in 2019, to $113 million in 2025.