HyperSolar Tests Renewable Natural Gas at Salton Sea
SANTA BARBARA, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--HyperSolar, Inc., the developer of a breakthrough technology to produce renewable hydrogen and natural gas using water and solar power, today announced that it will team with Suncentrix LLC to explore the potential of deploying its technology at the Salton Sea to simultaneously produce renewable energy and address environmental problems.
The Salton Sea is the largest lake in California, encompassing 378 square miles in Imperial and Riverside counties, in the Southeastern edge of the state. In the past century, it has been used as the repository for agricultural wastewaters originating in both the Imperial and Coachella Valleys. As a sink for wastewaters, the Sea is not only degrading over time, but the surrounding area is also plagued with dust issues.
"We are delighted to undertake this important feasibility study with Suncentrix," said Tim Young, HyperSolar's CEO. "The Salton Sea offers large volumes of two of the most important commodities required by our breakthrough solar powered technology to produce renewable hydrogen and natural gas: sunlight and organic rich water. The high concentration of organic materials from the agricultural runoff is nearly ideal for our process, and the high salinity will further enhance the efficiency of our technology."
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Steve Decker, CEO and Managing Partner of Suncentrix commented, "While it is California's largest inland water body, and an important food resource for birds migrating along the North American Flyway, the Salton Sea is in a state of decline. We intend to explore the use of the hydrogen produced by HyperSolar's novel process for the production of electricity through utility-scale hydrogen fuel cells. The benefits can be substantial. By deploying HyperSolar's reactors on the increasingly exposed sea beds around the Salton Sea, we can produce energy for regional use, improve the water quality for wild life ecosystems, and decrease the rate of water evaporation to mitigate dust problems that contribute to poor air quality in the nearby area."
Mr. Young concluded, "While the development of renewable energy is an important cause, the situation at the Salton Sea proves that the wastewater from human activities and energy consumption by human activities are highly correlated. The more energy people consume, the more wastewater is produced. It is only with a renewable energy technology, such as HyperSolar's, that sustainable renewable energy can truly be realized. We believe that once we successfully demonstrate our technology at the Salton Sea, we will have a model to utilize the organic rich waters of the world and the abundance of daily sunlight to deliver a sustainable global energy solution.”
Itronics successfully tests manganese recovery process
Itronics - a Nevada-based emerging cleantech materials growth company that manufacturers fertilisers and produces silver - has successfully tested two proprietary processes that recover manganese, with one process recovering manganese, potassium and zinc from paste produced by processing non-rechargeable alkaline batteries. The second recovers manganese via the company’s Rock Kleen Technology.
Manganese, one of the four most important industrial metals and widely used by the steel industry, has been designated by the US Federal Government as a "critical mineral." It is a major component of non-rechargeable alkaline batteries, one of the largest battery categories sold globally.
The use of manganese in EV batteries is increasing as EV battery technology is shifting to use of more nickel and manganese in battery formulations. But according to the US Department of Interior, there is no mine production of manganese in the United States. As such, Itronics is using its Rock Kleen Technology to test metal recoverability from mine tailings obtained from a former silver mine in western Nevada that has a high manganese content.
In a statement, Itronics says that its Rock Kleen process recovers silver, manganese, zinc, copper, lead and nickel. The company says that it has calculated – based on laboratory test results – that if a Rock Kleen tailings process is put into commercial production, the former mine site would become the only primary manganese producer in the United States.
Itronics adds that it has also tested non-rechargeable alkaline battery paste recovered by a large domestic battery recycling company to determine if it could use one of its hydrometallurgical processes to solubilize the manganese, potassium, and zinc contained in the paste. This testing was successful, and Itronics was able to produce material useable in two of its fertilisers, it says.
"We believe that the chemistry of the two recovery processes would lend itself to electrochemical recovery of the manganese, zinc, and other metals. At this time electrochemical recovery has been tested for zinc and copper,” says Dr John Whitney, Itronics president.
“Itronics has been reviewing procedures for electrochemical recovery of manganese and plans to move this technology forward when it is appropriate to do so and has acquired electro-winning equipment needed to do that.
"Because of the two described proprietary technologies, Itronics is positioned to become a domestic manganese producer on a large scale to satisfy domestic demand. The actual manganese products have not yet been defined, except for use in the Company's GOLD'n GRO Multi-Nutrient Fertilisers. However, the Company believes that it will be able to produce chemical manganese products as well as electrochemical products," he adds.
Itronics’ research and development plant is located in Reno, about 40 miles west of the Tesla giga-factory. Its planned cleantech materials campus, which will be located approximately 40 miles south of the Tesla factory, would be the location where the manganese products would be produced.
Panasonic is operating one of the world's largest EV battery factories at the Tesla location. However, Tesla and other companies have announced that EV battery technology is shifting to use of nickel-manganese batteries. Itronics is positioned and located to become a Nevada-0based supplier of manganese products for battery manufacturing as its manganese recovery technologies are advanced, the company states.
A long-term objective for Itronics is to become a leading producer of high purity metals, including the U.S. critical metals manganese and tin, using the Company's breakthrough hydrometallurgy, pyrometallurgy, and electrochemical technologies. ‘Additionally, Itronics is strategically positioned with its portfolio of "Zero Waste Energy Saving Technologies" to help solve the recently declared emergency need for domestic production of Critical Minerals from materials located at mine sites,’ the statement continues.
The Company's growth forecast centers upon its 10-year business plan designed to integrate its Zero Waste Energy Saving Technologies and to grow annual sales from $2 million in 2019, to $113 million in 2025.