Annual Waste Management Middle East Forum set for early October
The Middle East prepares to wrangle with waste management problems once again as the 6th Annual Waste Management Middle East Forum sets up for October.
As countries in rapid development, many areas in the Middle East face unique challenges concerning waste generation. The most formidable of those is the sheer amount of waste this region produces annually. According to reports, Middle East countries generate more than 150 million tons of gross urban waste annually.
Specifically, countries such as Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar and Oman have a very high rate of per capita waste generation and also rank among the top 10 countries worldwide in terms of per capita solid waste generation.
The growing population and economic activity are major causes driving sharp increases in waste generation. Major challenges faced by government bodies in managing waste include lack of awareness and knowledge in sustainable practices among people and adoption and use of costly methods of waste management system.
[Related: Middle East is going green]
Other issues include the resistance of companies to following environmental guidelines and policies coupled with ineffective enforcement of regulations by government authorities.
Supported by the Dubai Municipality, the 6th Annual Waste Management Middle East Forum will take place October 5th and 6th, 2015, Dubai, U.A.E. The event, also supported by the Middle East Facilities Management Association (MEFMA), will create a platform for studying and updating the regional waste and environment professionals on various new technologies and system specifications adopted in different countries and gulf regions, covering all aspects of waste such as industrial, energy, construction and municipal waste.
The forum will feature experts sharing their knowledge on topics like e-waste management and understanding the economics of waste conversion. Topics such as proactive measures for effective waste treatment, upcoming developments in the 'waste to energy' sector and developing a long term perspective towards recycling will be addressed.
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Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage
Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050.
How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.
Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:
- The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
- Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
- Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities
Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.
There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.
Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.
Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.
Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.
It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.