Changing Attitudes Could Mean More Solar for U.K.
The UK’s economic and housing problems could be helped if all new builds were fitted with solar panels, according to a shift in attitude in the U.K. Politicians, celebrities, and industry leaders have come together to outline their beliefs that solar panels should be compulsory on all new houses.
With the UK facing a number of current challenges, it can be hard to spend time and money on the environment when threats of economic, housing and security crises loom imminently overhead.
However, many believe if all new builds came with solar panels installed, this could do well to at least battle two of the above.
The average solar panel household saves about £657 on energy bills, an amount that would certainly help make things easier in today’s economically stretched environment.
It would also generate more jobs and help industries in the U.K., again helping Britain boom again.
Clearly this is a popular thought—it is already a law in some American towns—but the policy has yet to be introduced in the U.K.
In fact, according to Imperial College, Britain could get as much as 40% of its electricity from solar power on sunny days by 2020 if it increased the number of homes with solar PV. Surprisingly, given the environmental and economic implications, an e-petition to turn this into law in the UK received only 21 votes.
But that doesn’t mean the idea doesn’t have political backing.
“It should be compulsory to fit solar panels to all new homes in the UK," Tory MP John Stevenson said.
Other supporters include those within the industry (perhaps not unsurprisingly), as well as actress and green-advocate Joanna Lumley.
“I absolutely love the idea of solar panels, and I think they should be compulsory and I don’t think a new house should be built without solar panels,” she said. “There are so many people on the planet and the world is soon going to be swamped. I believe we should use less and less and less (energy) and be more clever.”
A study by Imperial College in London said that Britain had only 5% of its recommended houses with solar panels.
“It is actually much cheaper to build a house with solar panels, rather than installing them at a later date,” A spokesperson for renewable energy experts The Eco Experts said. “Enforcing solar panels on new builds would make financial sense. The Government has targets which must be met regarding the UK's carbon emissions, and targets surrounding building lots of new homes. Making it law for all new builds to have solar panels would help hit both of them.”
Lima Curtis writes about energy and the environment for many different sites including The Independent, The Energy Saving Trust, and www.theecoexperts.co.uk.
Carbon dioxide removal revenues worth £2bn a year by 2030
Carbon dioxide removal revenues could reach £2bn a year by 2030 in the UK with costs per megatonne totalling up to £400 million, according to the National Infrastructure Commission.
Engineered greenhouse gas removals will become "a major new infrastructure sector" in the coming decades - although costs are uncertain given removal technologies are in their infancy - and revenues could match that of the UK’s water sector by 2050. The Commission’s analysis suggests engineered removals technologies need to have capacity to remove five to ten megatonnes of carbon dioxide no later than 2030, and between 40 and 100 megatonnes by 2050.
The Commission states technologies fit into two categories: extracting carbon dioxide directly out of the air; and bioenergy with carbon capture technology – processing biomass to recapture carbon dioxide absorbed as the fuel grew. In both cases, the captured CO2 is then stored permanently out of the atmosphere, typically under the seabed.
The report sets out how the engineered removal and storage of carbon dioxide offers the most realistic way to mitigate the final slice of emissions expected to remain by the 2040s from sources that don’t currently have a decarbonisation solution, like aviation and agriculture.
It stresses that the potential of these technologies is “not an excuse to delay necessary action elsewhere” and cannot replace efforts to reduce emissions from sectors like road transport or power, where removals would be a more expensive alternative.
The critical role these technologies will play in meeting climate targets means government must rapidly kick start the sector so that it becomes viable by the 2030s, according to the report, which was commissioned by government in November 2020.
Early movement by the UK to develop the expertise and capacity in greenhouse gas removal technologies could create a comparative advantage, with the prospect of other countries needing to procure the knowledge and skills the UK develops.
The Commission recommends that government should support the development of this new sector in the short term with policies that drive delivery of these technologies and create demand through obligations on polluting industries, which will over time enable a competitive market to develop. Robust independent regulation must also be put in place from the start to help build public and investor confidence.
While the burden of these costs could be shared by different parts of industries required to pay for removals or in part shared with government, the report acknowledges that, over the longer term, the aim should be to have polluting sectors pay for removals they need to reach carbon targets.
Polluting industries are likely to pass a proportion of the costs onto consumers. While those with bigger household expenditures will pay more than those on lower incomes, the report underlines that government will need to identify ways of protecting vulnerable consumers and to decide where in relevant industry supply chains the costs should fall.
Chair of the National Infrastructure Commission, Sir John Armitt, said taking steps to clean our air is something we’re going to have to get used to, just as we already manage our wastewater and household refuse.
"While engineered removals will not be everyone’s favourite device in the toolkit, they are there for the hardest jobs. And in the overall project of mitigating our impact on the planet for the sake of generations to come, we need every tool we can find," he said.
“But to get close to having the sector operating where and when we need it to, the government needs to get ahead of the game now. The adaptive approach to market building we recommend will create the best environment for emerging technologies to develop quickly and show their worth, avoiding the need for government to pick winners. We know from the dramatic fall in the cost of renewables that this approach works and we must apply the lessons learned to this novel, but necessary, technology.”
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and International Energy Agency estimate a global capacity for engineered removals of 2,000 to 16,000 megatonnes of carbon dioxide each year by 2050 will be needed in order to meet global reduction targets.
Yesterday Summit Carbon Solutions received "a strategic investment" from John Deere to advance a major CCUS project (click here). The project will accelerate decarbonisation efforts across the agriculture industry by enabling the production of low carbon ethanol, resulting in the production of more sustainable food, feed, and fuel. Summit Carbon Solutions has partnered with 31 biorefineries across the Midwest United States to capture and permanently sequester their CO2 emissions.
Cory Reed, President, Agriculture & Turf Division of John Deere, said: "Carbon neutral ethanol would have a positive impact on the environment and bolster the long-term sustainability of the agriculture industry. The work Summit Carbon Solutions is doing will be critical in delivering on these goals."
McKinsey highlights a number of CCUS methods which can drive CO2 to net zero:
- Today’s leader: Enhanced oil recovery Among CO2 uses by industry, enhanced oil recovery leads the field. It accounts for around 90 percent of all CO2 usage today
- Cementing in CO2 for the ages New processes could lock up CO2 permanently in concrete, “storing” CO2 in buildings, sidewalks, or anywhere else concrete is used
- Carbon neutral fuel for jets Technically, CO2 could be used to create virtually any type of fuel. Through a chemical reaction, CO2 captured from industry can be combined with hydrogen to create synthetic gasoline, jet fuel, and diesel
- Capturing CO2 from ambient air - anywhere Direct air capture (DAC) could push CO2 emissions into negative territory in a big way
- The biomass-energy cycle: CO2 neutral or even negative Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage relies on nature to remove CO2 from the atmosphere for use elsewhere