At G20 Summit, India Calls for Clean Energy Cooperation
India is already a major force in the renewable energy sector, and at the G20 Summit this weekend in Brisbane, Australia, it made its commitment to clean energy even more clear.
Prime Minister Narenda Modi called for the G20 nations to come together and work collaboratively on advance clean energy around the world.
“Let us increase our collective research and development efforts and collaboration and ensure dissemination to all countries,” Modi said. “For this, I would propose that we set up a global virtual centre for clean energy research and development, with adequate public funding, which will fund collaborative projects in diverse sources of clean energy, smart grids, energy efficiency.”
India is already a major player in the solar field as it looks to ramp up its off-grid energy efforts as well. As with his other remarks, Modi kept his focus global, as he discussed bringing off-grid energy to a global market.
“Increased access to affordable, assured and clean energy supply for all should be our primary goal,” he said. “It is a major economic opportunity for all countries.”
Modi acknowledged that the transition to clean energy wouldn’t be without some challenges. He was also clear in saying that kicking coal and nuclear to the curb isn’t the answer.
“In countries like India, there are vast opportunities for those wishing to invest in clean coal technology, since our dependence will not reduce very soon,” he said, adding that “nuclear energy can still be a safe, reliable and clean source of energy” and “will be an important part of our mix.”
You can find his full list of remarks here.
Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage
Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050.
How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.
Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:
- The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
- Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
- Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities
Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.
There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.
Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.
Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.
Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.
It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.