Oct 16, 2012

Massive Push to Develop Biomass Feedstocks

Admin
3 min
  Hillsborough, N.J. (Oct. 16, 2012) - As part of its continued effort to drive the commercialization of alternative fuels, Primus Gr...

 

Hillsborough, N.J. (Oct. 16, 2012) - As part of its continued effort to drive the commercialization of alternative fuels, Primus Green Energy Inc. an alternative fuel company based in Hillsborough, N.J., has signed on to the Northeast Woody/Warm-season Biomass Consortium (NEWBio) as an industry collaborator, providing technical insight to the group as it develops perennial feedstock production systems and supply chains for biomass feedstocks.

NEWBio will focus on the development of four large demonstration projects throughout the Northeast operating at commercial scales of thousands of acres to produce between 500 and 1,200 tons per day of lignocellulosic biomass suitable for alternative fuel production. Plant scientists will work to improve the ability of crops to grow on marginal lands and to resist insects and disease, with a goal of increasing yields by 25 percent and reducing costs by 20 percent.

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"The development of a cost-effective and sustainable biomass supply chain for alternative fuels is an important goal, even more so in a time when petroleum-based fuels are increasingly prone to price volatility and supply uncertainty," said Robert Johnsen, CEO of Primus Green Energy. "With our own alternative fuel technology moving steadily toward commercialization, we look forward to lending our technical knowledge and working with the consortium to develop a robust biomass feedstock ecosystem right here in the Northeast."

Primus Green Energy is the developer of a syngas-to-gasoline (STG+) technology that converts syngas derived from natural gas and/or biomass into jet fuel, high octane gasoline and aromatic chemicals through a proprietary version of a proven catalytic fuel synthesis process. The fuels produced from the Primus STG+ technology are virtually indistinguishable from the same fuels produced from petroleum. They can be used directly in engines as a component of standard fuel formulas and do not require costly engine modifications, overhauls of the fuel delivery infrastructure or changes in consumer behavior.

The company has already produced gasoline at its pilot facility in Hillsborough, N.J., and is currently in the process of completing a demonstration plant, also at its Hillsborough complex. The company expects to break ground on its first commercial plant in 2013, which will be designed to produce over 20 million gallons of jet fuel annually from natural gas.

Led by Penn State's College of Agricultural Science and supported by a nearly $10 million grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture, other consortium partners include eight universities based in the Northeast, the USDA's Eastern Regional Research Center, the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Idaho National Laboratory. The consortium includes eight other industrial collaborators, though Primus is the only advanced alternative fuel company of the group.

About Primus Green Energy Inc..

Headquartered in Hillsborough, N.J., Primus Green Energy has developed an innovative renewable drop-in fuel technology that produces high-octane gasoline or jet fuel that can be used directly in engines as a component in standard fuel formulas without costly engine modifications or changes to the fuel delivery infrastructure. The Primus Green Energy technology is a proprietary version of proven commercial technologies to convert herbaceous crops and woody biomass and natural gas to liquid transportation fuels such as gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. Primus Green Energy's technology has recorded the highest conversion efficiency rate in the industry. Primus Green Energy is funded by IC Green Energy, the renewable energy arm of publicly traded Israel Corp. For more information, visit www.primusge.com.

 

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Jul 29, 2021

Carbon dioxide removal revenues worth £2bn a year by 2030

Energy
technology
CCUS
Netzero
Dominic Ellis
4 min
Engineered greenhouse gas removals will become "a major new infrastructure sector" in the coming decades says the UK's National Infrastructure Commission

Carbon dioxide removal revenues could reach £2bn a year by 2030 in the UK with costs per megatonne totalling up to £400 million, according to the National Infrastructure Commission

Engineered greenhouse gas removals will become "a major new infrastructure sector" in the coming decades - although costs are uncertain given removal technologies are in their infancy - and revenues could match that of the UK’s water sector by 2050. The Commission’s analysis suggests engineered removals technologies need to have capacity to remove five to ten megatonnes of carbon dioxide no later than 2030, and between 40 and 100 megatonnes by 2050.

The Commission states technologies fit into two categories: extracting carbon dioxide directly out of the air; and bioenergy with carbon capture technology – processing biomass to recapture carbon dioxide absorbed as the fuel grew. In both cases, the captured CO2 is then stored permanently out of the atmosphere, typically under the seabed.

The report sets out how the engineered removal and storage of carbon dioxide offers the most realistic way to mitigate the final slice of emissions expected to remain by the 2040s from sources that don’t currently have a decarbonisation solution, like aviation and agriculture. 

It stresses that the potential of these technologies is “not an excuse to delay necessary action elsewhere” and cannot replace efforts to reduce emissions from sectors like road transport or power, where removals would be a more expensive alternative.  

The critical role these technologies will play in meeting climate targets means government must rapidly kick start the sector so that it becomes viable by the 2030s, according to the report, which was commissioned by government in November 2020. 

Early movement by the UK to develop the expertise and capacity in greenhouse gas removal technologies could create a comparative advantage, with the prospect of other countries needing to procure the knowledge and skills the UK develops.

The Commission recommends that government should support the development of this new sector in the short term with policies that drive delivery of these technologies and create demand through obligations on polluting industries, which will over time enable a competitive market to develop. Robust independent regulation must also be put in place from the start to help build public and investor confidence.

While the burden of these costs could be shared by different parts of industries required to pay for removals or in part shared with government, the report acknowledges that, over the longer term, the aim should be to have polluting sectors pay for removals they need to reach carbon targets.

Polluting industries are likely to pass a proportion of the costs onto consumers. While those with bigger household expenditures will pay more than those on lower incomes, the report underlines that government will need to identify ways of protecting vulnerable consumers and to decide where in relevant industry supply chains the costs should fall.

Chair of the National Infrastructure Commission, Sir John Armitt, said taking steps to clean our air is something we’re going to have to get used to, just as we already manage our wastewater and household refuse. 

"While engineered removals will not be everyone’s favourite device in the toolkit, they are there for the hardest jobs. And in the overall project of mitigating our impact on the planet for the sake of generations to come, we need every tool we can find," he said.

“But to get close to having the sector operating where and when we need it to, the government needs to get ahead of the game now. The adaptive approach to market building we recommend will create the best environment for emerging technologies to develop quickly and show their worth, avoiding the need for government to pick winners. We know from the dramatic fall in the cost of renewables that this approach works and we must apply the lessons learned to this novel, but necessary, technology.” 

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and International Energy Agency estimate a global capacity for engineered removals of 2,000 to 16,000 megatonnes of carbon dioxide each year by 2050 will be needed in order to meet global reduction targets. 

Yesterday Summit Carbon Solutions received "a strategic investment" from John Deere to advance a major CCUS project (click here). The project will accelerate decarbonisation efforts across the agriculture industry by enabling the production of low carbon ethanol, resulting in the production of more sustainable food, feed, and fuel. Summit Carbon Solutions has partnered with 31 biorefineries across the Midwest United States to capture and permanently sequester their CO2 emissions.  

Cory Reed, President, Agriculture & Turf Division of John Deere, said: "Carbon neutral ethanol would have a positive impact on the environment and bolster the long-term sustainability of the agriculture industry. The work Summit Carbon Solutions is doing will be critical in delivering on these goals."

McKinsey highlights a number of CCUS methods which can drive CO2 to net zero:

  • Today’s leader: Enhanced oil recovery Among CO2 uses by industry, enhanced oil recovery leads the field. It accounts for around 90 percent of all CO2 usage today
  • Cementing in CO2 for the ages New processes could lock up CO2 permanently in concrete, “storing” CO2 in buildings, sidewalks, or anywhere else concrete is used
  • Carbon neutral fuel for jets Technically, CO2 could be used to create virtually any type of fuel. Through a chemical reaction, CO2 captured from industry can be combined with hydrogen to create synthetic gasoline, jet fuel, and diesel
  • Capturing CO2 from ambient air - anywhere Direct air capture (DAC) could push CO2 emissions into negative territory in a big way
  • The biomass-energy cycle: CO2 neutral or even negative Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage relies on nature to remove CO2 from the atmosphere for use elsewhere

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