Jan 10, 2019

Pattern Energy sells K2 wind facility to Axium for $160mn

Harry Menear
2 min
Pattern Energy will generate a pretax profit of $71mn from the sale of its stake in the K2 facility.
San Francisco-based wind power facility owner and operator, Pattern Energy Group announced this week the sale of the company’s 90...

San Francisco-based wind power facility owner and operator, Pattern Energy Group announced this week the sale of the company’s 90MW minority interest in the K2 Wind Power Facility in the Canadian township of Ashfield-Colborne-Wawanosh, Ontario.

A consortium of investors, led by Toronto-based Axium Infrastructure, has purchased the stake for a total purchase value of US$160mn.

The sale will result in Pattern Energy generating a pre-tax premium of $71mn.

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"The sale of K2 at a 15.0x ten-year average CAFD multiple2 demonstrates the intrinsic value of our wind power assets and highlights our ability to selectively recycle assets in order to redeploy capital into more accretive opportunities," said Mike Garland, CEO of Pattern Energy.

He continued: "We have now sold two assets, El Arrayán and K2, at significant premiums to the multiple at which we trade in the markets. We will continue as operator of K2 after the sale. Pattern Energy is the largest operator of wind power facilities in Canada with more than 1,500 MW under operation across the country."

Pattern Energy group has a portfolio of 24 wind and photovoltaic power facilities, with a total owned interest of 2.8GW in United States, Canada and Japan.

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Jun 7, 2021

Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage

Shipping
fuel
Decarbonisation
ammonia
Dominic Ellis
2 min
Commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International sign MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping

Independent commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International have signed an MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping and ammonia fuel infrastructure.

Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050. 

How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.

Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:

  • The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
  • Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
  • Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities

Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.  

There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.

Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.

Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.

Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.

It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.

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