May 17, 2020

Top 10 Ways Ford is Reducing its Carbon Footprint

Carbon emissions
2 min
Ford Electric Vehicle.
Ford Motor Co. is making progress in reducing its carbon footprint and the amount of CO2 emissions released into the climate by adding advanced technolo...

Ford Motor Co. is making progress in reducing its carbon footprint and the amount of CO2 emissions released into the climate by adding advanced technologies to products and offering vehicle models that are more fuel efficient. 

Ford’s top actions to reduce CO2 emissions:

  • Reduced fleet-average CO2 emissions from its 2012 model year U.S. new vehicles by 15 percent compared to the 2007 model year;
  • Reduced fleet-average CO2 emissions from its European vehicles by 14 percent from the 2006 to 2012 calendar years;
  • Reduced CO2 emissions from its global operations in 2012 by 1 percent on a per-vehicle basis, compared to 2011;
  • Implemented three more engines with its patented EcoBoost fuel-saving technology – in 2013, produced approximately 1.5 million EcoBoost engines globally, about 200,000 more than originally expected;
  • For the 2012 model year, began selling the Focus Electric, which gets a combined 105 miles per gallon (mpg) equivalent (according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency), making it the most fuel-efficient compact vehicle in the U.S. at the time of launch;
  • Introduced two plug-in hybrid electric vehicles to customers in the U.S.: the C-MAX Energi and Fusion Energi;
  • Offered three hybrid electric vehicle models: the Ford Fusion, Ford C-MAX and Lincoln MKZ;
  • In Europe, offered 39 models and variants that achieve a CO2 emissions level of 130 grams per kilometer (g/km), and nine that achieve less than 100 g/km;
  • In North America starting in 2012, offered eight models that provide 40 mpg or better – compared to 2009, when its most fuel-efficient vehicle achieved 35 mpg;
  • In addition, the company invests in energy-efficiency improvements at its facilities worldwide and to assess carbon emissions in its supply chain through multi-stakeholder projects.

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Jun 7, 2021

Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage

Dominic Ellis
2 min
Commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International sign MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping

Independent commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International have signed an MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping and ammonia fuel infrastructure.

Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050. 

How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.

Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:

  • The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
  • Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
  • Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities

Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.  

There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.

Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.

Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.

Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.

It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.

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