The Top Ten Largest Wind Farms in the World
10. Thanet Offshore Wind Project
Thanet, UK – 300 MW Capacity
Though there are still other onshore wind farms that are larger than Thanet, it is the largest offshore wind farm, plus we wanted to give an offshore wind farm a nod. Thanet features 100 Vestas turbines and is located 12 kilometers offshore in waters with an average depth of 20 meters. Swedish company, Vattenfall, owns and operates Thanet, which supplies enough power for 240,000 average homes.
9. Panther Creek Wind Farm
Texas, USA – 457.5 MW Capacity
Panther Creek Wind Farm features 305 GE turbines. Built in three phases, the farm became operational in 2009, and provides enough electricity to power 135,000 average homes. The farm is owned and operated by E.ON Climate and Renewables.
8. Dabancheng Wind Farm
Xinjiang Uygur, China – 500 MW Capacity
Dabancheng Wind Farm has been 20+ years in the making, and the more than 300 turbines featured there range from older 20 kW models to new 3 MW models. The Debancheng Wind Farm was the brainchild of Wang Wenqui, former head of the Xinjiang Wind Energy Institute, who spent the later part of his life and career pioneering wind energy in China. The farm is currently operated by Xinjiang Tianfeng Wind Power Co. Ltd.
7. Buffalo Gap Wind Farm
Texas, USA – 523.3 MW Capacity
Buffalo Gap Wind Farm was built in three phases called Buffalo Gap 1, 2 and 3, and consists of GE, Siemens and Vestas turbines. Phase one was developed by SeaWest WindPower, but is owned now by AES Wind Generation, who saw the completion of phases two and three.
6. Sweetwater Wind Farm
Texas, USA – 585.3 MW Capacity
Built in five phases, the Sweetwater Wind Farm features approximately 350 turbines provided by GE, Mitsubishi and Siemens.
5. Fowler Ridge Wind Farm
Indiana, USA – 599.8 MW Capacity
Built in two phases and on track for a possible third, Fowler Ridge Wind Farm consists of 355 turbines provided by GE, Vestas, and Clipper. Built on 50,000 acres, the farm can power 200,000 average homes and is owned and operated by BP Alternative Energy North America Inc.
4. Capricorn Ridge Wind Farm
Texas, USA – 662.5 MW Capacity
With 407 turbines—also provided by GE and Siemens—the Capricorn Ridge Wind Farm can generate electricity for roughly 220,000 homes and is owned and operated by a subsidiary of NextEra Energy Resources.
3. Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center
Texas, USA - 735.5 MW Capacity
Horse Hollow consists of 421 turbines provided by GE and Siemens. It covers 47,000 acres of land and was one of the first wind farm’s in the U.S. to have a lawsuit brought against it for noise and appearance complaints by neighbors, but Texas courts dismissed the case. Horse Hollow powers about 180,000 average homes in Texas and is owned and operated by NextEra Energy Resources.
2. Roscoe Wind Farm
Texas, USA - 781.5 MW Capacity
Roscoe Wind Farm is the largest completed wind farm in the world. The farm’s 627 wind turbines—supplied by GE, Siemens AG and Mitsubishi—cover 100,000 acres of land. The complex is capable of powering 260,000 homes. The $1 billion investment came primarily from GE Financial Services and a subsidiary of Wachovia Corporation, as well as E.ON Climate and Renewables, who currently owns and operates the farm.
1. Alta Wind Energy Center
California, USA – 1,550 MW Capacity
The Alta Wind Energy Center rises from the shadows of the antiquated Tehachapi Pass Wind Farm, one of the oldest and largest wind projects in the United States. Newer, larger and more efficient turbines are replacing the aging ones that fill the pass—remnants of California’s wind energy push over thirty years ago. The Alta-Oak Creek Mojave Project is currently under construction and will consist of 320 large high-capacity wind turbines generating 800 MW.
The project is headed by Terra-Gen Power, a renewable energy company with wind, solar, and geothermal projects throughout the United States. Terra-Gen owns and operates seven wind projects in the Tehachapi-Mojavi wind resource area with a total of 617 turbines. They broke ground on the new Alta-Oak Creek Wind Farm in mid-2010. Once complete, the combined farms will together comprise the largest wind farm in the world, providing power to more than 275,000 California residences, and offsetting 5.8 billion pounds of carbon dioxide, 28 million pounds of sulfur dioxide, and 13.2 million pounds of nitrogen oxide emissions annually.
Top 10 ways to prepare for COVID-19
Energy Digital sets out Gartner’s Top 10 ways organisations can prepare for a pandemic, via effective operational risk management.
As the spread of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) continues to develop, many businesses are left uncertain as to whether their risk mitigation plan is sufficient.
In a recent webinar conducted by the research and advisory firm just 12% of 1,500 people believe that their business is highly prepared for the impact of COVID-19, while 56% believed themselves to be somewhat prepared, and 11% believed themselves to be very unprepared.
“Most organizations have done some pandemic planning but still have many unanswered questions about whether they have done everything they can to manage risks,” says Jim Mello, Senior Director, Advisory, Gartner.
Establish a preparedness framework
Establish a team that represents all critical business functions. These people will report directly to executive management and are responsible for prioritising the importance of business activities and organise them in tiers for response and recovery.
Monitor the situation
It is important to ensure that organisations monitor the rate in which the infection is spreading and its severity. Many rely on the World Health Organisation for information.
Be sure to revise revenue forecasts and communicate with investors, as well as suppliers in regards to any potential finance issues. It is important to ensure that the business has the working capital to ride it out.
Ways to ensure this include: working capital checks, seeking loans or government-sponsored financial relief.
Extend personal hygiene and cleaning protocols
It is important to comply with any changes to workplace regulations. In addition, it is important to establish protocols for staff returning from infected areas, as well as extending existing hygiene activities.
Ensure close monitoring of absenteeism rates for signs of problems. It is important to identify critical staff in order to make sure the company can continue to function in their absence and be prepared for up to 40% absentee rates.
In addition to reviewing HR policies and procedures, it is important to maintain a level of sensitivity when it comes to engaging with employees and workplace preferences.
Establish a communication programme
People can feel out of the loop quickly. Establish a spokesperson appropriate for the situation who can maintain lines of communication. In addition, organisations should establish pre-approved messages and scripts for various stakeholders.
Review the impact on the operation
Although this may seem overwhelming, the team established to represent all critical business functions should identify key areas to consider. It is important to maintain a connection with the reality on the ground in countries affected.
Key questions to consider: is transport functioning? Have holidays been extended? Where can operation continue and where do they need to stop?
IT business functions tend to be relatively well-prepared for business continuity. However, it is important to assess the supply chain for critical equipment and keep extra inventory if required.
In addition, organisations should keep in mind remote data centre management and cloud options for critical systems as well as enabling remote working programs and rescheduling any non-essential IT work prioritising key applications.
Review pandemic plans to identify any gaps in response
Conduct a preparedness exercise by validating roles and responsibilities as well as recovery requirements and procedures, in order to identify any gaps in the recover capabilities and resource needs.
Following the establishment of a pandemic plan, identify three lessons learned, key observations or improvements for the exercise. After establishing these organisations should priorities the short and long term follow up actions.