Are We Missing the Point on Peak Oil?
Written by Mark Mathis, Producer/Director
Not long after my film “spOILed” was released, I became the target of criticism. As a filmmaker producing a movie on a controversial subject with a politically incorrect point of view, I expected to be attacked. What I didn’t expect was whom these harsh words would be coming from. Astonishingly, a film espousing the virtues of oil hasn’t received all that much criticism from environmental groups. spOILed has gotten more disapproval from… wait for it… the oil and gas industry!
Don’t get me wrong. We have taken spOILed to movie theaters from Billings to Bakersfield and from Tulsa to Denver. I’ve stood in front of well over one hundred audiences to conduct Q & A sessions after the film has been shown and enjoyed the praise and applause of these people. Many of these shows have been sold out. It’s been wonderful. People who work in the oil and gas industry—and many who don’t—love this film. But, quite a few people who pride themselves on understanding industry trends don’t agree with what spOILed has to say about “Peak Oil” and have chosen not to support the film because of this disagreement. I am discouraged by this kind of myopic thinking. I have my point of view and they have theirs. Can we not have a spirited debate?
I believe the world has already entered an era where nearly all of the inexpensive oil has been found and that what remains—even if it’s a lot of oil—will be increasingly costly to produce. And, something few people consider, pulling this expensive oil out of the ground will consume ever greater amounts of oil.
Of course I am well aware of the fantastic breakthroughs that have happened in the recovery of shale oil. The amount of petroleum that is now being produced in formations like the Bakken and Eagle Ford is nothing short of astounding. Thank God the U.S. Oil and Gas Industry continues to find ways to innovate! What’s happened over the last three years because of horizontal drilling and fracturing has probably been the single most important factor in America (and the world) not falling into a deep double-dip recession, or worse. However, it’s time for a reality check.
It seems highly unlikely to me that recent innovations and discoveries in the shale oil sector will do much more than simply push the supply/demand problem down the road another few years. Remember, the biggest question concerning our oil use isn’t how much of it is in the ground, but rather how fast it can be brought to market, how much oil/energy will be consumed in production and—most importantly—how much will it cost?
There are many reasons why producing enough oil to meet world demand is going to be an on-going challenge. Here are some of the important factors to consider:
All oil production figures are made assuming a relatively peaceful world. War(s) greatly impact these figures negatively
The Middle East continues to be embroiled in conflict
In an action of self-preservation it’s a virtual certainty that Israel will attack Iran’s nuclear facilities sometime in the near future. The consequences are difficult to predict, but they could have a significant impact on oil production
The industry has a big labor force problem that is going to get much worse in the next several years as older people retire and there aren’t nearly enough skilled workers to replace them
Very expensive infrastructure replacement costs must be met soon, especially in the area of pipelines
The IEA says the world will need to invest $20 trillion (yes, TRILLION!) over the next 23 years in oil/gas supply and infrastructure to add 47 million barrels per day of new capacity (double OPEC’s current production) just to compensate for the decline in mature fields.
Shale oil, though wonderful, is currently uneconomic below about $70 a barrel
The world is now producing about 88 million barrels of conventional oil per day in a down economy and yet there are only about two million barrels of excess capacity, making us vulnerable to sudden supply shocks
Regulatory burdens placed on the industry continue to get more extensive and expensive
Third world countries that used to use very little oil are developing a voracious thirst for petroleum
There’s not enough room to get into it here, but water is going to be a big problem for all of us, including oil companies
There are other factors, but these are the big ones. I’m hearing lots of talk that the U.S. could become “oil independent by 2020” if only we could get government out of the way. Ha! Good luck with that one. The unfortunate reality is that even if we were able to delete bad political decisions, our oil independence would be short lived. America uses about 19 million barrels of oil a day. Meeting that demand for any length of time is simply unrealistic. Besides, oil is a world commodity and the price goes up or down because of world demand.
The takeaway here is that the cost of production and uncontrollable above-ground factors are going to keep oil supplies tight as far as the eye can see.
I’m not predicting Armageddon. All I’m saying is that the struggle to produce enough oil to meet demand is going to be the biggest challenge ever faced by humanity. I wish those who criticize spOILed for being inaccurate on “Peak Oil” would consider all of these factors before being so sure of their position. I also wish they would ask themselves why they feel the need to disparage or ignore an entire film (one that is widely praised as the best film ever made on oil) because they disagree with one aspect.
But, hey, you take your best shot on a documentary film and hope you can make the biggest positive impact possible. spOILed’s mission has always been to raise the level of discussion about our relationship to oil to a much higher level. Debating Peak Oil theory is a heck of a lot better than what we typically get.
Ofwat allows retailers to raise prices from April
Retailers can recover a portion of excess bad debt by temporarily increasing prices from April 2022, according to an Ofwat statement.
The regulator confirmed its view that levels of bad debt costs across the business retail market are exceeding 2% of non-household revenue, thereby allowing "a temporary increase" in the maximum prices. Adjustments to price caps will apply for a minimum of two years to reduce the step changes in price that customers might experience.
Measures introduced since March 2020 to contain the spread of Covid-19 could lead to retailers facing higher levels of customer bad debt. Retailers’ abilities to respond to this are expected to be constrained by Ofwat strengthening protections for non-household customers during Covid-19 and the presence of price caps.
In April last year, Ofwat committed to provide additional regulatory protection if bad debt costs across the market exceeded 2% of non-household revenue.
Georgina Mills, Business Retail Market Director at Ofwat said: “These decisions aim to protect the interests of non-household customers in the short and longer term, including from the risk of systemic Retailer failure as the business retail market continues to feel the impacts of COVID-19. By implementing market-wide adjustments to price caps, we aim to minimise any additional costs for customers in the shorter term by promoting efficiency and supporting competition.”
There are also three areas where Ofwat has not reached definitive conclusions and is seeking further evidence and views from stakeholders:
- Pooling excess bad debt costs – Ofwat proposes that the recovery of excess bad debt costs is pooled across all non-household customers, via a uniform uplift to price caps.
- Keeping open the option of not pursuing a true up – For example if outturn bad debt costs are not materially higher than the 2% threshold.
- Undertaking the true up – If a 'true up' is required, Ofwat has set out how it expects this to work in practice.
Further consultation on the proposed adjustments to REC price caps can be expected by December.
"While it’s great that regulators are helping the industry deal with bad debt in the wake of the pandemic, raising prices only treats the symptoms. Instead, water companies should head upstream, using customer data to identify and rectify the causes of bad debt, stop it at source and help prevent it from occurring in the first place," she said.
"While recouping costs is a must, water companies shouldn’t just rely on the regulator. Data can help companies segment customers, identify and assist customers that are struggling financially, avoiding penalising the entire customer in tackling the cause of the issue."
United Utilities picks up pipeline award
A race-against-time plumbing job to connect four huge water pipes into the large Haweswater Aqueduct in Cumbria saw United Utilities awarded Utility Project of the Year by Pipeline Industries Guild.
The Hallbank project, near Kendal, was completed within a tight eight-day deadline, in a storm and during the second COVID lockdown last November – and with three hours to spare. Principal construction manager John Dawson said the project helped boost the resilience of water supplies across the North West.
“I think what made us stand out was the scale, the use of future technology and the fact that we were really just one team, working collaboratively for a common goal," he said.
Camus Energy secures $16m funding
Camus Energy, which provides advanced grid management technology, has secured $16 million in a Series A round, led by Park West Asset Management and joined by Congruent Ventures, Wave Capital and other investors, including an investor-owned utility. Camus will leverage the operating capital to expand its grid management software platform to meet growing demand from utilities across North America.
As local utilities look to save money and increase their use of clean energy by tapping into low-cost and low-carbon local resources, Camus' grid management platform provides connectivity between the utility's operations team, its grid-connected equipment and customer devices.