Country profile: Australia’s energy sector
Australia is the sixth largest country in the world in terms of landmass, although it is sparsely populated with major population centres on the coasts, especially the east.
Here are a few information soundbites about the country’s energy sector and how it is consumed.
In 2009, Australia was the fourth-highest coal producer in the world. Two-thirds of the energy that is generated in Australia is exported out of the country. This made the country the ninth-largest energy exporter on the globe.
Farming in Australia uses just two percent of the country’s total energy production. This makes it the smallest energy using sector in the whole of Australia.
Every day, over 110 billion mobile phones and eight billion televisions could be powered based on Australia’s total energy usage. You could also boil enough water for 36 billion cups of tea based on the country's natural gas usage.
According to Origin Energy, 73 percent of electricity generation in Australia comes from coal, 13 percent is sourced from natural gas, four percent comes from wind power, seven percent from hydropower, two percent from rooftop solar and one percent from bioenergy.
In 2015, Australia consumed 346 joules (PJ) of renewable energy. This means that in total, just five percent of the energy consumed in the country is from renewable sources.
Hydropower contributes to over 60 percent of all renewable energy that is generated in Australia.
Australia has the highest (on-average) solar radiation per square meter of any continent on the globe and 25 percent of homes in Australia have solar panels on their roofs.