Oct 12, 2017

Adani signs Power Purchase Agreement for Rugby Run solar farm

Solar
Australia
Power Generation
Sophie Chapman
2 min
Indian-based Adani has taken a step in becoming Australia’s largest renewable energy producer by 2022. Chairman, Gautam...

Indian-based Adani has taken a step in becoming Australia’s largest renewable energy producer by 2022.

Chairman, Gautam Adani, as announced that Adani Renewables has signed a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with an undisclosed power retailer.

The PPA covers electricity generated at solar plant Rugby Run, near Moranbah, on a 600-hectare block, and will remain until 2030.

Adani Renewables plans to run a number of renewable energy projects across Australia, aiming to have a combined capacity of 1.5GW within the next five years, making it the largest renewable energy producer in the country.

The first step towards this is the construction of Phase One, which will begin this month and is scheduled to end in October 2018, with the potential to hire 150 new employees.

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Through Phase One, the farm will have an initial generation capacity of 65MW, and will use the latest mono-PERC technology and singe axis tracking systems to improve efficiency and output.

“We are the largest generator of solar energy in India and we aim to replicate that in Australia,” stated Mr Adani.

Although the “significant” retailer is still unknown, Dr Jennifer Purdie, CEO of Adani Renewables, reported on how much energy they will use.

“The purchaser has agreed to take 80% of that output at an agreed rate” commented Dr Purdie.

Prior to the solar projects, Adani made a AUS$16.5bn (US$12.9bn) investment in the planned Carmichael coal mine in Queensland’s Galilee Basin, along with rail and port infrastructures.

Adani has also received planning permission for a further $200mn (US$156mn) solar farm near Whylla.

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Jun 7, 2021

Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage

Shipping
fuel
Decarbonisation
ammonia
Dominic Ellis
2 min
Commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International sign MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping

Independent commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International have signed an MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping and ammonia fuel infrastructure.

Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050. 

How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.

Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:

  • The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
  • Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
  • Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities

Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.  

There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.

Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.

Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.

Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.

It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.

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