Oct 11, 2017

Bosch announce new 48-volt hybrid battery

Renewable Energy
Germany
Electric Vehicles
Sophie Chapman
2 min
Bosch has announced their new, 48-volt battery for hybrid vehicles. The in-demand battery is similar to Bosch’s pre-exis...

Bosch has announced their new, 48-volt battery for hybrid vehicles.

The in-demand battery is similar to Bosch’s pre-existing e-axle, as it is standardised for easy integration into new vehicle models, allowing both established manufacturers and startups to eliminate the long and costly development process.

The lithium-ion battery will benefit compact cars, as well as mini- and microcars.

“Bosch is an incubator of electromobility. We help manufacturers reduce their development times and launch their products faster,” commented Dr. Rolf Bulander, Chairman of the Bosch Mobility Solutions business sector and member of the Board of Management of Robert Bosch GmbH.

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The German company anticipates a large market for entry-level hybrids, and so will offer other powertrain components for the models.

This is due to the global change of automakers striving to cut CO2 emissions, and so reducing the fuel their vehicle’s produce.

This can be seen in Ford’s recent announcement of its transformation to move towards electric and autonomous-drive cars.

The lithium-ion cells that Bosch uses for the battery are as compact as possible, whilst still reducing CO2 emissions.

Bosch also predicts that 15mn 48-volt hybrid vehicles will be on the road by 2025.

The new battery is in high demand, especially among Chinese manufacturers. Bosch is already communicating with a number of customers, and has secured several production projects. 

Production for the lithium-ion 48-volt battery will begin in 2018.

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Jun 7, 2021

Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage

Shipping
fuel
Decarbonisation
ammonia
Dominic Ellis
2 min
Commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International sign MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping

Independent commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International have signed an MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping and ammonia fuel infrastructure.

Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050. 

How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.

Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:

  • The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
  • Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
  • Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities

Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.  

There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.

Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.

Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.

Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.

It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.

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