Oct 1, 2018

Climate change a key concern as UN Secretary General visits India

Solar
Climate Change
Olivia Minnock
2 min
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres will discuss the Paris Declaration and UN Sustainable Development Goals on his Indian visit
  UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres makes his first official visit to India this week, with climate issues to...

 

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres makes his first official visit to India this week, with climate issues to feature heavily on the agenda of the three-day trip.

The visit, which coincides with the 150th birthday celebrations of Mahatma Gandhi, will deal with topics such as piece and nonviolence as well as international security, but is also set to discuss climate change which Guterres has cited as a key issue for India, both in the context of the Paris Declaration as well as the wider UN Sustainable Development Goals.

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On Monday, is first day in the country, Guterres is to take part in the General Assembly of the International Solar Alliance. This is the alliance’s inaugural event, having been founded by India and France in March this year with the aim to bring nations together for cooperation in the solar energy industry.

As the alliance was founded, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced India’s commitment to extend nearly $1.4bn in lines of credit for 27 solar projects in 15 countries.

For the rest of the visit, Guterres will meet with President Ram Nath Kovind and Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj, as well as Modi.

According to the Times of India, the Secretary General said in anticipation of the visit: “Climate change is moving faster than we are, and if we do not change course by 2020, we risk missing the point where we can avoid runaway climate change.”

He cited the impact of climate change on India, such as recent flooding, and added that rising sea levels will pose a risk to India’s substantial coastal population. However, he was positive about the nation’s efforts so far, saying they are currently in line with India’s domestic goals.

 

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Jun 7, 2021

Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage

Shipping
fuel
Decarbonisation
ammonia
Dominic Ellis
2 min
Commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International sign MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping

Independent commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International have signed an MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping and ammonia fuel infrastructure.

Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050. 

How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.

Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:

  • The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
  • Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
  • Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities

Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.  

There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.

Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.

Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.

Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.

It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.

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