Nov 17, 2017

Facebook data centre in Nebraska to be powered 100% by wind farm

U.S.
Wind
Sophie Chapman
2 min
$430mn wind farm to supply Facebook data centre with power
A Facebook data centre in Papillion, Nebraska, will receive 100% of its power from a wind farm in Dixon County. Constructi...

A Facebook data centre in Papillion, Nebraska, will receive 100% of its power from a wind farm in Dixon County.

Construction has begun for the Rattlesnake Creek wind farm, and will cost $430mn.

The farm will have a capacity of 320MW, and under a power purchase agreement, Facebook has agreed to buy 200MW to power its centre.

Facebook is now “one step closer to our goal of powering all of our operations with clean and renewable energy”, according Bobby Hollis, the Director of Global Energy at Facebook.

The farm will be owned by a subsidiary of Enel Green Power North America (EGPNA) – Rattlesnake Creek Wind Project.

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Approximately 1.3TWh will be annually generated by the wind farm when fully operational, matching the amount of energy required to power 105,000 US homes.

The farm will also avoid roughly 940,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions per year.

“This project consolidates our growing presence in the U.S. as our company enters into a new state and expands our business with new partners,” stated Antonio Cammisecra, Head of Enel Green Power. 

“We are thrilled to be able to support Facebook's growing renewable energy needs in Nebraska and be a part of driving economic development in the region.”

The US Department of Energy stated that the US is “one step closer to our goal of powering all of our operations with clean and renewable energy.”

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Jun 7, 2021

Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage

Shipping
fuel
Decarbonisation
ammonia
Dominic Ellis
2 min
Commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International sign MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping

Independent commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International have signed an MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping and ammonia fuel infrastructure.

Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050. 

How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.

Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:

  • The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
  • Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
  • Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities

Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.  

There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.

Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.

Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.

Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.

It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.

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