Honda joins consortium on Vehicle-to-Grid demonstration project
The Japanese automobile manufacturer, Honda, has joined a consortium of firms, local bodies, and academic establishments to demonstrate Vehicle-to-Grid technology.
The consortium also features A.T. Kearney, the consulting company, the research group Cenex, the City Councils of Leeds and Nottingham, and the University of Nottingham and Warwick University.
The project aims to highlight the financial benefits for businesses and electric vehicle (EV) owners of battery storage and transferring excess energy to the grid.
Honda will provide its Power Manager system for the project, which enables energy stabilisation for the grid, in the event of too much or too little energy, by transferring it.
“As well as providing a direct benefit to the grid, this initiative will demonstrate value for consumers, as the technology allows them to earn money from surplus energy put back into the grid,” stated Jørgen Pluym, Electrification and Home Energy Management Project Leader at Honda Motor Europe.
“The provision of both EV and energy management to the customer is an offer unique to Honda.”
Innovate UK, the UK government’s Technology Strategy Board, has invested £7mn (US$9.74mn) into the project.
“Retaining customers and broadening the range of services offered is central to a lot of energy retail strategies,” commented Tom Harper, Head of UK Utilities at A.T. Kearney and consortium lead.
“V2G is an exciting opportunity as the value on offer per vehicle is sizeable,” he added.
Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage
Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050.
How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.
Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:
- The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
- Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
- Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities
Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.
There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.
Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.
Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.
Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.
It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.