Feb 13, 2018

Last year Germany installed 42% of wind power in the EU

Germany
Europe
Sophie Chapman
2 min
Germany installed the most wind power in Europe last year
Germany was responsible for the installation of 39% of all of Europe’s new wind capacity in 2017. Last year Europe beat...

Germany was responsible for the installation of 39% of all of Europe’s new wind capacity in 2017.

Last year Europe beat its record and installed 16.8GW of wind generation capacity, according to a report released by Wind Europe.

The report, dubbed Wind in Power 2017, revealed that members of the European Union (EU) accounted for 93% of the capacity, installing 15.7GW.

This was a 20% increase from the previous year.

More wind power supplies were installed across the continent than any other form of energy, placing wind as the second largest power generator after gas, at a total capacity of 169GW.

Germany installed 6.6GW of new wind power, meeting almost half of the EU’s installed power at 42%.

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The nation also increased its wind energy usage for electricity demand at the highest rate, rising from 16% to 20% year on year.

Germany has the highest total capacity in Europe, followed by Spain, the UK, and France.

Denmark uses the highest percentage of wind in it’s energy mix, however, at 44%.

“Despite the strong figures, the medium and longer term outlook for wind is uncertain,” stated Giles Dickinson, WindEurope’s CEO.

“The transition to auctions has been messier than we hoped. And crucially we lack clarity from many governments on their ambitions for renewables post-2020.”

“A 35% target is not just affordable, it’s economically desirable. The wind industry has shown it can deliver. Now we need policy-makers to deliver as well.”

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Jun 7, 2021

Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage

Shipping
fuel
Decarbonisation
ammonia
Dominic Ellis
2 min
Commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International sign MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping

Independent commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International have signed an MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping and ammonia fuel infrastructure.

Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050. 

How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.

Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:

  • The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
  • Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
  • Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities

Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.  

There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.

Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.

Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.

Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.

It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.

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