Siemens Gamesa is set to supply 950MW to Vattenfall for three offshore wind projects
The Spanish wind manufacturer, Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy, has been chosen by Vattenfall, a Swedish power company, to supply three new offshore wind farms with turbines.
The farms will be located in Danish waters and will have a combined capacity of almost 1GW.
Siemens Gamesa will be providing 72 of its SG 8.0-167 DD turbines to the Danish Kriegers Flak offshore wind power plant, creating a capacity of 600MW.
The turbines are expected to be installed in February 2021 and commissioned by the end of the years, creating the largest offshore farm in the Baltic Sea.
The Spanish company will also be the preferred supplier for the Vesterhav North and Vesterhav South wind farms.
The manufacturer will supply both with 41 of the same model turbines, with the North farm having a capacity of 180MW and the South farm having a 170MW capacity.
Installation is anticipated to commence in 2020 and will be commissioned by the end of the same year.
“We are pleased that Vattenfall has selected Siemens Gamesa for these projects,” commented Andreas Nauen, Offshore CEO of Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy.
“The advanced model of our proven direct drive offshore wind turbine platform and our advanced services will leverage the energy output of these lighthouse projects and help to move offshore wind into the energy mainstream in Europe.”
Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage
Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050.
How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.
Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:
- The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
- Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
- Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities
Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.
There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.
Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.
Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.
Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.
It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.