Feb 26, 2018

Top five wind turbine manufacturers of 2017

Sophie Chapman
2 min
Vestas ranked top wind manufacturer in the world
FTI Intelligence, a branch of FTI Consulting, has released its report, Global Wind Market Update – Demand & Supply 2017, featuring the...

FTI Intelligence, a branch of FTI Consulting, has released its report, Global Wind Market Update – Demand & Supply 2017, featuring the top five wind turbine manufacturers in the world. The company has ranked each manufacturer based on aspects such as installation and diversification.

  1. Vestas - Vestas has been awarded the top title for a second year in a row. Recently, the Danish company introduced the world’s most powerful turbine through its subsidiary, MHI Vestas – the V164-9.5 MW. The subsidiary also signed a contract to use America’s largest turbine rig.

  2. Siemens Gamesa - The Spanish firm has moved up two spots in the ranking following a successful year, with Siemens and Gamesa respectively placing fourth and sixth. The company’s Hull factory was visited by the Queen of England in 2017, and the firm is currently working on the largest offshore wind farm in the world, located in Dogger Bank.

  3. Goldwind - Goldwind are a Chinese turbine manufacturer located in Beijing. The firm has maintained in spot in third place for the second year in a row. The company runs a successful subsidiary in the US, titled Goldwind Americas, and headquartered in Chicago. The company’s shares in China feel by 15% last year.

  4. GE - The American company, General Electric, has fallen from second position to fourth, following Vestas dominating supplies in its home market.

  5. Enercon - German-based Enercon holds its fifth rank as it benefited the success of its nation’s strong domestic market, as it installed 6.5GW of new capacity which accounted for 42% of the EU’s installed wind in 2017.

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Jun 7, 2021

Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage

Dominic Ellis
2 min
Commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International sign MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping

Independent commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International have signed an MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping and ammonia fuel infrastructure.

Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050. 

How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.

Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:

  • The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
  • Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
  • Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities

Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.  

There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.

Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.

Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.

Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.

It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.

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