Toyota’s hydrogen fuel cell truck is being tested at the Port of LA
A concept version of Toyota’s hydrogen fuel cell truck is being used to move goods from the Port of Los Angeles.
This is part of a feasibility study, part of which is to test the port’s efforts to reduce harmful emissions.
The truck will be travelling short-haul drayage routes, departing from the Port of LA or Long Beach, moving goods to rail yards and warehouses for distribution.
Toyota has estimated the vehicle will travel around 200 miles per day. These shorter journeys are to test the duty-cycle capabilities of the fuel cell system, with longer haul routes to be introduced as the journey progresses.
The Japanese company announced its plan to build zero-emission, hydrogen fuel cell trucks last April. The truck generates more than 670 horsepower and 1,325 pound-fleet of torque from two Mirai fuel cell stacks and a 12kWh batter.
Hydrogen fuel cells use compressed hydrogen as their fuel to allow them to only release water vapour as an emission.
Vehicles powered by hydrogen have recently attainted performance and range numbers high enough to replace the average gasoline-powered car.
The difficulty these vehicles face is the lack of fuelling stations, which are often the most easily accessible at ports and warehouses.
Toyota began selling hydrogen-powered vehicles in 2015, with its Mirai Seda, and plans to continue with a hydrogen-powered bus to be released this year in Tokyo.
Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage
Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050.
How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.
Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:
- The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
- Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
- Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities
Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.
There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.
Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.
Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.
Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.
It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.