Feb 6, 2018

The UK created more than half of Europe’s new offshore wind capacity last year

Sophie Chapman
2 min
UK supplied 53% of Europe's offshore wind
In 2017 the UK’s newly installed offshore wind facilities accounted for more than 50% of Europe’s additional capacity.

In 2017 the UK’s newly installed offshore wind facilities accounted for more than 50% of Europe’s additional capacity.

The UK installed 53% - or 1.68MW – of the continent’s total capacity, which reached 3.15GW.

According to WindEurope, the capacity tops the previous record set in 2015, and is a 25% improvement from 2016.

There are more than 500 turbines connected to the grid, with the average one installed in 2017 having more than one fifth greater capacity than any previously installed generators.

Approximately 17 offshore wind farms were on average a third more powerful than older farms.


This year also saw the first installation of floating offshore wind generators – with France inaugurating its single floating turbine, and Statoil launching Hywind Scotland.

Developers of offshore wind are currently aiming for the use of 8MW to 9MW turbines, which goals for reaching 13MW to 15MW by 2023.

“We’ll be beyond that in the next decade, there’s no reason to think we won’t,” the Gaurdian announced Giles Dickson, CEO of WindEurope, saying.

Dickson was noted saying that we are yet to reach restrictions on wind turbines, enabling their capacity to grow.

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Jun 7, 2021

Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage

Dominic Ellis
2 min
Commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International sign MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping

Independent commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International have signed an MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping and ammonia fuel infrastructure.

Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050. 

How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.

Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:

  • The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
  • Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
  • Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities

Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.  

There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.

Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.

Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.

Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.

It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.

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