May 17, 2020

Industrial Origami: Folds sheets of steel and aluminum

4 min
Above the fold

According to Japanese legend, whoever folds 1,000 origami cranes earns the privilege of asking the mythical bird to grant a wish.

At Industrial O...

According to Japanese legend, whoever folds 1,000 origami cranes earns the privilege of asking the mythical bird to grant a wish.

At Industrial Origami, a young mechanical design company, workers have folded 254 patented items like housing for ovens and dishwashers, and car parts like control panels and chassis. They're working toward 1,000, but as any origami artist can tell you, it takes time. And at Industrial Origami, they aren't working with sheets of paper; they are folding sheets of aluminum and steel.

The innovative industrial design company, with roots in San Francisco and a head office in Cleveland, OH, hopes to change manufacturing with a new technology that can fold sheet metal into complicated high load-bearing structures with simple, low-cost fixtures. According to Industrial Origami's designers and fans, the company's technology makes production easier, cheaper and faster.

"Industrial Origami profoundly changes the way products are designed and manufactured," said Patrick Sheehan, a partner at the London-based Environmental Technologies Fund, one of the first groups to invest in the company. Industrial Origami has raised $32 million in venture funding and it is hoping to convince investors to put another $20 million more into the company this year.

Industrial Origami was launched in 2002 by Max Durney, a leading player in the world of manufacturing design. Before folding metal, Durney worked with pine and oak, and workers in wood shops today still praise the innovations that came out of Castle, Inc., a company Durney co-founded in 1981 to produce automated woodworking machinery.

As Industrial Origami's CTO, Durney is able to put his 30 years of design experience to work to do for metal what he's already done for wood. And he seems to be succeeding since the buzz about Industrial Origami is spreading.

The company already has some impressive names on its client list. Bentley Motors Ltd., Whirlpool  and Eaton Corporation are just a few of the  manufactures using Industrial Origami's technology and design tools, which the company promises can save as much as 70 percent in manufacturing costs.

An Industrial Origami designed product starts as a sheet of metal that has been pre-shaped and perforated along the folds with the company's signature smile cuts. Those sheets are sent to shop floors where assemblers fold them into the working forms. Industrial Origami's fold-and-build method eliminates the measuring, cutting and welding and bolting that usually goes into producing parts.

The company says it can save manufacturers anywhere from 20 to 50 percent on materials, and 25 to 45 percent on labor. And, because parts travel as flat sheets, they are easier to handle and cheaper to ship. Prepping parts with a coat of paint before they are folded is also much faster and easier than painting built or assembled components.

Industrial Origami teaches clients how to use its unique technology in their unique setting. The company sells intellectual property such as software, design programs and tools and then collects royalties on products built using its technique. But Industrial Origami doesn't manufacture parts or sell machinery; it isn't necessary.

Industrial Origami's patented technology works using existing CAD software and existing equipment. No major investment is required to deploy the technology which can be applied across a broad scale of products from a microwave oven to a printed circuit board to heavy construction equipment.

Industrial Origami's technology triggers significant savings in mature products, and enables the creation of completely new products. As they like to say at Industrial Origami, there are no fundamental limits.

The environmental benefits Industrial Origami's process offers are clear. Groups like Environmental Technologies Fund have invested in the company because it reduces scrap metal waste and conserves energy at almost every step of the process.

"Our innovative folding methods allow designers to incorporate geometrically complex designs, eliminate the use of fasteners, reduce quality assurance concerns and improve competitiveness,” says V. Gerry Corrigan, President and CEO who joined the company last fall bringing with him 25 years of industrial experience in the plastics, precision tooling, coating and specialty products industries.

“In addition to reducing manufacturing costs we offer significant environmental benefits by reducing material use, rework and eliminating wasteful shipping of 'air’,” says Corrigan.

Sheehan and other investors at the Environmental Technologies Fund see Industrial Origami as a great example of a disruptive technology in green manufacturing. And as green investors, they hope the company is setting an industry standard in design and efficiency.

"Industrial Origami technology allows companies to significantly reduce the amount of sheet metal in products, providing meaningful cost and environmental benefits,” says Sheehan. “The technology has the potential to change supply chain costs, and carbon footprint, in innovative ways.”


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Oct 19, 2020

Itronics successfully tests manganese recovery process

Scott Birch
3 min
Nevada firm aims to become the primary manganese producer in the United States
Nevada firm aims to become the primary manganese producer in the United States...

Itronics - a Nevada-based emerging cleantech materials growth company that manufacturers fertilisers and produces silver - has successfully tested two proprietary processes that recover manganese, with one process recovering manganese, potassium and zinc from paste produced by processing non-rechargeable alkaline batteries. The second recovers manganese via the company’s Rock Kleen Technology.

Manganese, one of the four most important industrial metals and widely used by the steel industry, has been designated by the US Federal Government as a "critical mineral." It is a major component of non-rechargeable alkaline batteries, one of the largest battery categories sold globally.

The use of manganese in EV batteries is increasing as EV battery technology is shifting to use of more nickel and manganese in battery formulations. But according to the US Department of Interior, there is no mine production of manganese in the United States. As such, Itronics is using its Rock Kleen Technology to test metal recoverability from mine tailings obtained from a former silver mine in western Nevada that has a high manganese content. 

In a statement, Itronics says that its Rock Kleen process recovers silver, manganese, zinc, copper, lead and nickel. The company says that it has calculated – based on laboratory test results – that if a Rock Kleen tailings process is put into commercial production, the former mine site would become the only primary manganese producer in the United States.

Itronics adds that it has also tested non-rechargeable alkaline battery paste recovered by a large domestic battery recycling company to determine if it could use one of its hydrometallurgical processes to solubilize the manganese, potassium, and zinc contained in the paste. This testing was successful, and Itronics was able to produce material useable in two of its fertilisers, it says.

"We believe that the chemistry of the two recovery processes would lend itself to electrochemical recovery of the manganese, zinc, and other metals. At this time electrochemical recovery has been tested for zinc and copper,” says Dr John Whitney, Itronics president. 

“Itronics has been reviewing procedures for electrochemical recovery of manganese and plans to move this technology forward when it is appropriate to do so and has acquired electro-winning equipment needed to do that.

"Because of the two described proprietary technologies, Itronics is positioned to become a domestic manganese producer on a large scale to satisfy domestic demand. The actual manganese products have not yet been defined, except for use in the Company's GOLD'n GRO Multi-Nutrient Fertilisers. However, the Company believes that it will be able to produce chemical manganese products as well as electrochemical products," he adds.

Itronics’ research and development plant is located in Reno, about 40 miles west of the Tesla giga-factory. Its planned cleantech materials campus, which will be located approximately 40 miles south of the Tesla factory, would be the location where the manganese products would be produced.

Panasonic is operating one of the world's largest EV battery factories at the Tesla location. However, Tesla and other companies have announced that EV battery technology is shifting to use of nickel-manganese batteries. Itronics is positioned and located to become a Nevada-0based supplier of manganese products for battery manufacturing as its manganese recovery technologies are advanced, the company states.

A long-term objective for Itronics is to become a leading producer of high purity metals, including the U.S. critical metals manganese and tin, using the Company's breakthrough hydrometallurgy, pyrometallurgy, and electrochemical technologies. ‘Additionally, Itronics is strategically positioned with its portfolio of "Zero Waste Energy Saving Technologies" to help solve the recently declared emergency need for domestic production of Critical Minerals from materials located at mine sites,’ the statement continues.

The Company's growth forecast centers upon its 10-year business plan designed to integrate its Zero Waste Energy Saving Technologies and to grow annual sales from $2 million in 2019, to $113 million in 2025.

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