May 17, 2020

Did Ancient Civilizations Harness Energy?

Energy
Digital
news
Baghdad battery
Admin
3 min
Ancient cultures may have harnessed energy
Written by John Shimkus Ancient civilizations may have been much more technologically advanced than we typically give them credit for. Thanks to popula...

Written by John Shimkus

Ancient civilizations may have been much more technologically advanced than we typically give them credit for. Thanks to popular television programs like “Ancient Discoveries” and “Ancient Aliens,” archeologists are shedding light to the general public on some unusual technologies dating back thousands of years, showing that ancient civilizations may have actually known how to harness energy! Let’s take a look at some of the most perplexing technologies coming out of the ancient world.

1. The Baghdad Battery

These terracotta pots date back to the Parthian period in Iraq (250 BC to 224 AD) and at first glance appear to be little more than clay containers. However, the presence of copper and iron rods inside the pots allude to them acting as an electromagnetic couple. If an electrolyte, such as an acidic juice like grape juice, were added to the pot, an electrical charge would be generated. Theorists point to evidence of silver objects coated in thin films of gold as evidence for electroplating, which may have been what the Baghdad batteries were used for.

2. The Great Pyramid

While the majority of pyramids in Egypt are adorned with hieroglyphs, the largest of them all, the Great Pyramid, has none. It is also constructed very differently from the rest, with the central Kings Chamber connecting to small shafts that align with various celestial bodies. Its very existence is an enigma that researcher Chris Dunn believes he has solved. He claims the pyramid may have been a power plant combining the piezoelectric effect (which generates electricity by exposing quartz crystal to high pressure), hydrogen, and electromagnetic resonance (see video for further explanation).

3. Electrical Lighting in Egypt?

It is often wondered by archeologists how exactly the ancient Egyptians were able to see in the dark caverns of their megalithic tombs, palaces and pyramids. While some argue candles or oil lamps, there is little evidence of soot to back it up. Others claim mirrored copper plates reflected the light, but plates discovered are shown to be too dim to carry light deep into the dark caverns. However, there are hieroglyphs that show what appear to be modern light bulbs, and some fringe archeologists believe that the Egyptians may have had some sort of electrical lighting capacity.

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While the validity of the above claims can only be hypothesized, there are plenty of archeologists putting their reputations and life’s work on the line to prove that the ancients knew far more than we give them credit for. Perhaps they even knew about some of the more subtle energies, like cold fusion reactions, the zero-point field, and the Casimir effect, which we are only now starting to rediscover. Who knows? Maybe it is the secrets of the past that will ultimately resolve the energy scarcity problems we are faced with today.

 

 

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Oct 19, 2020

Itronics successfully tests manganese recovery process

cleantech
manganese
USA
Scott Birch
3 min
Nevada firm aims to become the primary manganese producer in the United States
Nevada firm aims to become the primary manganese producer in the United States...

Itronics - a Nevada-based emerging cleantech materials growth company that manufacturers fertilisers and produces silver - has successfully tested two proprietary processes that recover manganese, with one process recovering manganese, potassium and zinc from paste produced by processing non-rechargeable alkaline batteries. The second recovers manganese via the company’s Rock Kleen Technology.

Manganese, one of the four most important industrial metals and widely used by the steel industry, has been designated by the US Federal Government as a "critical mineral." It is a major component of non-rechargeable alkaline batteries, one of the largest battery categories sold globally.

The use of manganese in EV batteries is increasing as EV battery technology is shifting to use of more nickel and manganese in battery formulations. But according to the US Department of Interior, there is no mine production of manganese in the United States. As such, Itronics is using its Rock Kleen Technology to test metal recoverability from mine tailings obtained from a former silver mine in western Nevada that has a high manganese content. 

In a statement, Itronics says that its Rock Kleen process recovers silver, manganese, zinc, copper, lead and nickel. The company says that it has calculated – based on laboratory test results – that if a Rock Kleen tailings process is put into commercial production, the former mine site would become the only primary manganese producer in the United States.

Itronics adds that it has also tested non-rechargeable alkaline battery paste recovered by a large domestic battery recycling company to determine if it could use one of its hydrometallurgical processes to solubilize the manganese, potassium, and zinc contained in the paste. This testing was successful, and Itronics was able to produce material useable in two of its fertilisers, it says.

"We believe that the chemistry of the two recovery processes would lend itself to electrochemical recovery of the manganese, zinc, and other metals. At this time electrochemical recovery has been tested for zinc and copper,” says Dr John Whitney, Itronics president. 

“Itronics has been reviewing procedures for electrochemical recovery of manganese and plans to move this technology forward when it is appropriate to do so and has acquired electro-winning equipment needed to do that.

"Because of the two described proprietary technologies, Itronics is positioned to become a domestic manganese producer on a large scale to satisfy domestic demand. The actual manganese products have not yet been defined, except for use in the Company's GOLD'n GRO Multi-Nutrient Fertilisers. However, the Company believes that it will be able to produce chemical manganese products as well as electrochemical products," he adds.

Itronics’ research and development plant is located in Reno, about 40 miles west of the Tesla giga-factory. Its planned cleantech materials campus, which will be located approximately 40 miles south of the Tesla factory, would be the location where the manganese products would be produced.

Panasonic is operating one of the world's largest EV battery factories at the Tesla location. However, Tesla and other companies have announced that EV battery technology is shifting to use of nickel-manganese batteries. Itronics is positioned and located to become a Nevada-0based supplier of manganese products for battery manufacturing as its manganese recovery technologies are advanced, the company states.

A long-term objective for Itronics is to become a leading producer of high purity metals, including the U.S. critical metals manganese and tin, using the Company's breakthrough hydrometallurgy, pyrometallurgy, and electrochemical technologies. ‘Additionally, Itronics is strategically positioned with its portfolio of "Zero Waste Energy Saving Technologies" to help solve the recently declared emergency need for domestic production of Critical Minerals from materials located at mine sites,’ the statement continues.

The Company's growth forecast centers upon its 10-year business plan designed to integrate its Zero Waste Energy Saving Technologies and to grow annual sales from $2 million in 2019, to $113 million in 2025.

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