May 3, 2018

India’s Supreme Court urges automakers to launch electric vehicle

India
Electric Vehicles
Sophie Chapman
2 min
The Supreme Court in India has asked automakers to switch to electric vehicles (EVs), as the nation struggles to reduce diesel pr...

The Supreme Court in India has asked automakers to switch to electric vehicles (EVs), as the nation struggles to reduce diesel prices in a bid to tackle pollution.

The request prompted responses that discovered that as many as 22 new electric vehicles will be brought to the Indian market.

Companies such as Mahindra and Tata Motors are leading the transition and encouraging EV production, the court discovered.

“Electric vehicles are coming in a big way in India. 22 models of various manufacturers will be in the market very soon," a lawyer informed the court.

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“Tell your clients (manufacturers) to switch (to electric),” the Supreme Court responded.

The Society of India Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) argues that there was not enough supporting infrastructure in India to manufacture EVs, nor enough charging points to sustain them.

“All kinds of electric cars are being manufactured in other countries but you are saying it is not possible in the country,” the bench, including Justices Madan B Lokur and U Deepak Gupta, informed SIAM

“You are perhaps not ready to invest money in manufacturing battery-operated vehicles.”

“Ask your client to switch over to manufacturing battery run vehicles.”

“If other companies can manufacture in foreign countries then you can also do it here.”

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Jun 7, 2021

Trafigura and Yara International explore clean ammonia usage

Shipping
fuel
Decarbonisation
ammonia
Dominic Ellis
2 min
Commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International sign MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping

Independent commodity trading company Trafigura and Yara International have signed an MoU to explore developing ammonia as a clean fuel in shipping and ammonia fuel infrastructure.

Reducing shipping emissions is a vital component of the fight against global climate change, yet Greenhouse Gas emissions from the global maritime sector are increasing - and at odds with the IMO's strategy to cut absolute emissions by at least 50% by 2050. 

How more than 70,000 ships can decrease their reliance on carbon-based sources is one of transport's most pressing decarbonisation challenges.

Yara and Trafigura intend to collaborate on initiatives that will establish themselves in the clean ammonia value chain. Under the MoU announced today, Trafigura and Yara intend to work together in the following areas:

  • The supply of clean ammonia by Yara to Trafigura Group companies
  • Exploration of joint R&D initiatives for clean ammonia application as a marine fuel
  • Development of new clean ammonia assets including marine fuel infrastructure and market opportunities

Magnus Krogh Ankarstrand, President of Yara Clean Ammonia, said the agreement is a good example of cross-industry collaboration to develop and promote zero-emission fuel in the form of clean ammonia for the shipping industry. "Building clean ammonia value chains is critical to facilitate the transition to zero emission fuels by enabling the hydrogen economy – not least within trade and distribution where both Yara and Trafigura have leading capabilities. Demand and supply of clean ammonia need to be developed in tandem," he said.  

There is a growing consensus that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, but clear and comprehensive regulation is essential, according to Jose Maria Larocca, Executive Director and Co-Head of Oil Trading for Trafigura.

Ammonia has a number of properties that require "further investigation," according to Wartsila. "It ignites and burns poorly compared to other fuels and is toxic and corrosive, making safe handling and storage important. Burning ammonia could also lead to higher NOx emissions unless controlled either by aftertreatment or by optimising the combustion process," it notes.

Trafigura has co-sponsored the R&D of MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-fuelled engine for maritime vessels, has performed in-depth studies of transport fuels with reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has published a white paper on the need for a global carbon levy for shipping fuels to be introduced by International Maritime Organization.

Oslo-based Yara produces roughly 8.5 million tonnes of ammonia annually and employs a fleet of 11 ammonia carriers, including 5 fully owned ships, and owns 18 marine ammonia terminals with 580 kt of storage capacity – enabling it to produce and deliver ammonia across the globe.

It recently established a new clean ammonia unit to capture growth opportunities in emission-free fuel for shipping and power, carbon-free fertilizer and ammonia for industrial applications.

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