May 17, 2020

A More Independent Italian Energy Future

Po Valley Energy
Natural Gas
International Energy S
4 min
An ideal prospect for modern exploration
Click here to experience this article in our digital reader The rising importance of oil and natural gas production within Italy and the European ec...



Click here to experience this article in our digital reader


The rising importance of oil and natural gas production within Italy and the European economy as a whole cannot be understated. With a population of 60 million and an energy infrastructure designed to run on hydrocarbon fuels, Italy is the third largest European gas market.

Yet despite having economically accessible reserves, Italy depends heavily on foreign suppliers, importing roughly 90% of the 2,930 billion cubic feet of gas it consumed in 2010, according to EIA, International Energy Statistics. Especially after this latest frigid European winter, the need for domestic Italian natural gas production is becoming more apparent.

Demand for natural gas in Italy has grown rapidly over the last few decades, increasing by 359% between 1973 and 2009, from just 600 billion cubic feet in 1973 to over 2.4 trillion cubic feet in recent years.

Domestic production, however, has not flourished correspondingly, even contracting by some 400 billion cubic feet from its 1994 peak of 728.8 billion cubic feet. Fortunately for development prospects, the dearth of production isn’t based on a lack of available resources so much as nationally-held energy policies from the second half of the 20th century.

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From its establishment in 1953 through 1998, formerly state-owned operator ENI and its subsidiaries controlled all phases of Italian hydrocarbon production and delivery. Pressured by the oil crisis of the 1970’s, ENI overhauled its natural gas infrastructure to provide an energy alternative, completing the 2,200km long Trans-Mediterranean Pipeline from North Africa in 1983.

When Italy abandoned nuclear power in 1987 following the Chernobyl disaster, natural gas became the second most important energy source after oil almost overnight. ENI responded to the demand reliance by doubling the capacity of its TransMed pipeline, finishing the upgrade in 1994.

With the aim of creating a competitive internal energy market, the Italian natural gas industry was liberalized in 1998, and there are currently more than 60 E&P companies developing hydrocarbon resources within Italy today.

Po Valley Energy (ASX: PVE) has been the first E&P company to bring new production to the Po Valley region, located between the Alps and the Apennines in northern Italy, since the end of the ENI monopoly and the liberalization of the Italian gas market in 1998.

PVE, listed on the Australian Stock Exchange in 2004, holds 11 license areas encompassing some 2,000 square kilometers (494,200 acres), of which two are in production at a rate of2.7 mmscf/day. Po Valley has an expanding portfolio of 100% owned assets that includes two onshore producing gas fields (Sillaro and Castello), two onshore gas fields awaiting development production permits (Sant’Alberto and Bezzecca) and a number of appraisal and exploration projects both onshore and offshore, as well as 2 oil discoveries (Ravizza and Bagnolo in Piano) with best-estimate contingent resources of 10 mmbbls to be drilled in 2013. The company additionally owns and operates two gas treatment plants, with more gas and oil developments to come.

Po Valley Energy’s strategy is focused on accelerating development time to market and materially improving the company’s high-value/near-term oil and gas projects. Continuing steady production from Po Valley’s Sillaro and Castello fields is a key priority for free cash-flow reinvestment needed to exploit the company’s low-risk/high-impact appraisal and exploration work programs.

From a strategic standpoint, PVE is also actively appraising strategic partners to complement the company’s efforts in the short and long term work program, and on June 19th announced a farm-out agreement with Petrorep Italiana S.P.A. on two of their licenses.

With untapped reserves, an existing natural gas infrastructure originally established by ENI, and some of the highest gas prices in Europe stemming from its dependence on foreign sources, Italy stands as an ideal prospect for modern exploration and production companies. Supplying an important domestic service and considerable upside potential for development, Po Valley Energy is working hard to make the most of Italy’s natural resources and to produce local gas for its domestic markets.

Mr. Catalano holds a masters degree in Geology and has had almost thirty years in the upstream oil and gas industry. Prior to his position as CEO of Po Valley, he was the CEO of Mediterranean Oil & Gas plc in the UK and in Italy.




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Jul 26, 2021

Ofwat allows retailers to raise prices from April

Dominic Ellis
3 min
Ofwat confirms levels of bad debt costs across the business retail market are exceeding 2% of non-household revenue

Retailers can recover a portion of excess bad debt by temporarily increasing prices from April 2022, according to an Ofwat statement.

The regulator confirmed its view that levels of bad debt costs across the business retail market are exceeding 2% of non-household revenue, thereby allowing "a temporary increase" in the maximum prices. Adjustments to price caps will apply for a minimum of two years to reduce the step changes in price that customers might experience.

Measures introduced since March 2020 to contain the spread of Covid-19 could lead to retailers facing higher levels of customer bad debt. Retailers’ abilities to respond to this are expected to be constrained by Ofwat strengthening protections for non-household customers during Covid-19 and the presence of price caps.  

In April last year, Ofwat committed to provide additional regulatory protection if bad debt costs across the market exceeded 2% of non-household revenue. 

Georgina Mills, Business Retail Market Director at Ofwat said: “These decisions aim to protect the interests of non-household customers in the short and longer term, including from the risk of systemic Retailer failure as the business retail market continues to feel the impacts of COVID-19. By implementing market-wide adjustments to price caps, we aim to minimise any additional costs for customers in the shorter term by promoting efficiency and supporting competition.”  

There are also three areas where Ofwat has not reached definitive conclusions and is seeking further evidence and views from stakeholders:   

  1. Pooling excess bad debt costs – Ofwat proposes that the recovery of excess bad debt costs is pooled across all non-household customers, via a uniform uplift to price caps. 
  2. Keeping open the option of not pursuing a true up – For example if outturn bad debt costs are not materially higher than the 2% threshold. 
  3. Undertaking the true up – If a 'true up' is required, Ofwat has set out how it expects this to work in practice. 

Further consultation on the proposed adjustments to REC price caps can be expected by December.

Anita Dougall, CEO and Founding Partner at Sagacity, said Ofwat’s decision comes hot on the heels of Ofgem’s price cap rise in April.

"While it’s great that regulators are helping the industry deal with bad debt in the wake of the pandemic, raising prices only treats the symptoms. Instead, water companies should head upstream, using customer data to identify and rectify the causes of bad debt, stop it at source and help prevent it from occurring in the first place," she said.

"While recouping costs is a must, water companies shouldn’t just rely on the regulator. Data can help companies segment customers, identify and assist customers that are struggling financially, avoiding penalising the entire customer in tackling the cause of the issue."

United Utilities picks up pipeline award

A race-against-time plumbing job to connect four huge water pipes into the large Haweswater Aqueduct in Cumbria saw United Utilities awarded Utility Project of the Year by Pipeline Industries Guild.

The Hallbank project, near Kendal, was completed within a tight eight-day deadline, in a storm and during the second COVID lockdown last November – and with three hours to spare. Principal construction manager John Dawson said the project helped boost the resilience of water supplies across the North West.

“I think what made us stand out was the scale, the use of future technology and the fact that we were really just one team, working collaboratively for a common goal," he said.

Camus Energy secures $16m funding

Camus Energy, which provides advanced grid management technology, has secured $16 million in a Series A round, led by Park West Asset Management and joined by Congruent VenturesWave Capital and other investors, including an investor-owned utility. Camus will leverage the operating capital to expand its grid management software platform to meet growing demand from utilities across North America.

As local utilities look to save money and increase their use of clean energy by tapping into low-cost and low-carbon local resources, Camus' grid management platform provides connectivity between the utility's operations team, its grid-connected equipment and customer devices.

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